They say that ‘nothing you wear is more
important than your smile’. Unfortunately, many people aren’t happy with their
Your teeth are an important part of the way you look, and beyond that, they’re also practical tools that you hope will do their job well for decades. So, what are your options if your smile doesn’t make you feel confident?
Invisible dental aligners, or teeth aligners, are a popular modern solution. And here are just some of the most popular, frequently asked questions about them.
What are dental aligners?
If you’ve ever worn a gum shield for a game
of hockey, you’re thinking along the right lines.
Aligners are like a custom-moulded gum shield, designed for your unique teeth. They fit securely and should be worn almost full-time, to slowly move and manipulate your teeth.
Over time, wearing aligners, you’ll see your
smile improve. Your teeth will be straighter, and you’ll notice the practical
and cosmetic benefits.
Why choose aligners?
In the past, most people wore wired metal
braces. These were fixed in place and caused some self-esteem issues. Aligners
are a modern alternative.
When you wear an aligner, nobody can tell
unless they’re studying your teeth at close range! Aligners are clear and
almost completely invisible. There are no sharp wires to cut your cheeks or
tongue, and you can remove them for comfort when you’re eating.
Aligners provide a way to get straighter
teeth without any visible treatment.
How do teeth aligners work?
A mould of your teeth is taken, to form your
dental aligner. This way, your new aligner will be custom made to fit your
mouth. This doesn’t need to be a physical mould – instead, it can be taken
using digital measurements and 3D imaging of every tooth in your mouth.
If you’re choosing dental aligners from home,
you’ll receive kits to make your home moulds. These kits contain everything you
need to create a mould of your teeth, which can be used to make personalised
The aligner is made of medical-grade plastic, which means that it’s sturdy and hygienic. It’s safe to wear even while you sleep.
As your teeth are moving, you will regularly
need a new aligner. In most cases, you’ll get an update every few weeks.
Are aligners the same as clear braces?
Sometimes, aligners are described as clear
braces. In fact, these treatments aren’t the same.
Usually, clear braces are traditional fixed braces
but with transparent fixings and wires. The brackets may be clear, so that they
don’t show when fixed to your teeth, or might be ceramic much like a white
Clear braces are different from clear aligners, which are plastic covers that you place over your teeth.
It is important to understand this
difference. If someone suggests clear braces, make sure that you know exactly
which treatment you’re discussing.
How long are aligners needed for?
Some people will be able to enjoy their new
smile in as little as 3 months.
For most people, dental aligner treatment
lasts between 6 months and 2 years.
Short treatment times are for people that
only want very small adjustments to their teeth.
If your case is more severe, you may need to
use dental aligners for closer to 4 years in total.
Do dental aligners produce long-lasting results?
Teeth can start to shift back once your
treatment is complete. To reduce this risk, you should wear a dental retainer.
Wearing your retainer won’t feel much
different to wearing your clear aligners, as they’re constructed in the same
way. In fact, your last set of aligners can be used as a long-term retainer.
Dental retainers can be worn overnight, and
won’t be needed during the day. You can wear a retainer until your teeth are
firmly set in their new place.
Can teenagers use aligners?
Dental aligners are available to teenagers,
but you should make sure that all your teeth are in place. In most cases, it’s
best to wait until you’re a few years past your 18th birthday.
Wisdom teeth usually erupt some time before
your 13th and 25th birthday. They typically appear in
early adulthood around your 18th birthday. If you start using clear
aligners too soon, then you risk the arrival of wisdom teeth erasing all your
hard work. Before you plan your perfect smile, make sure that any late arrivals
won’t show up to spoil the party.
Can dental aligners fix a notable overbite?
If you have an overbite, aligners should be
able to fix this.
Treatment for a significant overbite can take
quite a long time. You will likely need to wear dental aligners for up to 4
Do you need a full set of aligners?
You might be happy with your top teeth but
think that your bottom ones are wonky. But, aligners usually work together in
order to shift and move your teeth.
You will need aligners for your top and
bottom teeth, to get the best results from your treatment.
If your top teeth look almost completely
straight, then your top aligner will not make any significant difference. But,
it still needs to be used.
Do aligners affect your speech?
At first, you might find that the dental aligners make it more difficult to speak. You might notice a slight change to the pronunciation of words, or to the way that talking feels.
Clear aligners are thin but sturdy. You
should get used to them very quickly, and soon you won’t notice them at all.
Most people notice a difference for a few
hours at most, whilst they’re getting used to the cover on their teeth.
Are aligners worn at mealtimes?
You should be wearing your aligners for at least 20 hours per day. This includes sleeping. They should be removed for mealtimes.
Aligners are strong, but not completely
bulletproof. Hard and chewy foods can damage them.
Each set of clear aligners will only need to
last a week or two. But, if yours gets broken, you’ll be setting your treatment
You should clean your teeth after every meal,
before reinserting your aligners.
How do you clean dental aligners?
Your aligners will need cleaning as often as
the teeth underneath. Always remove them for regular cleaning, when you brush
Dental hygiene is particularly important when
you’re wearing aligners. The plastic aligners can trap food and drink against
your teeth, which is why you need to do a good job of brushing and flossing.
If you’re eating, removing the aligners
should reduce the risk of food being trapped against your teeth for too long.
Removing your aligners will also let your saliva, or a drink of water, rinse
your teeth. If you’re drinking soft drinks, try to follow up with a glass of
fresh water or rinse out your mouth when you can.
Though they’re made of sturdy clear plastic, there is a chance that your aligners will become a bit discoloured. This shouldn’t be a big problem but is best avoided by minimising contact with hot drinks, soft drinks and oily or greasy foods.
Just like brushing your teeth, you should brush your aligners all over and rinse them out with water. Some people clean their aligners by putting them in a cup of water, with a denture cleaner. You can also use a product like Retainer Brite for more effective cleaning and removal of bacteria and odours.
Is it safe to sleep in dental aligners?
It’s not only safe to sleep in your aligners but absolutely essential for treatment.
When you remove your aligners, your teeth will start to slowly move back to where they were. This is fine in short bursts, such as when you’re eating, but it isn’t an option long-term.
Most providers of dental aligners will set
strict limits for removal. At most, you’ll be able to take out your aligners
for a total of 4 hours each day. In most cases, you’ll be asked to keep them in
for up to 22 hours.
Are online or at home teeth aligners safe?
When you pay for dental aligners, precise
measurements are taken to build a full image of your mouth. Every tooth is
mapped. The result is a unique set of dental aligners that are made to fit you
Home kits send you the things you need to
make your own dental impressions. This is often the cheapest option, but more
open to human error.
It’s safe to use dental aligners by taking
moulds at home, using provided mould kits. But, make sure that you follow the
instructions to the letter.
Do teeth aligners hurt?
With aligners, your teeth are subjected to constant pressure that forces them to move and shift around. Understandably, they won’t be completely pain-free. But, you should only feel minimal aching and tenderness.
You shouldn’t experience pain. There should
be, at most, a mild soreness that you can ignore.
Aligners can hurt a little more when they’re
first put into your mouth. This is because, at this stage, the fit isn’t quite
as secure. Biting down hard should help them to slip into place.
Some people choose to swap their aligners at
night. That way, the biggest adjustment takes place whilst they’re asleep.
How do you know if aligners are worthwhile?
The cost of dental aligners can be a little
off-putting. They’re not cheap and are usually only available if you’re paying
for private treatment.
Luckily, your dental alignment provider should be able to offer some assurance. They might be able to show a prediction of your future, using computer imaging, or show samples from previous customers.
If you’re choosing dental aligners from home,
look for a reputable company with good reviews to give you peace of mind.
How long will it take to see results?
You should start to see results by the time
you have your second set of aligners. Changes happen surprisingly quickly, even
in the smallest of increments.
For full effect, it’s important to follow
your course of treatment through to the very end. You may then need a retainer,
to make sure that results last long-term.
If you notice early results and stop too
soon, you risk your teeth shifting back to where they were. Enjoy your new
smile as the changes happen, but keep your aligners in.
Are aligners available as an NHS treatment?
Orthodontic treatments on the NHS are limited. Invisible aligners are a luxury treatment and not one that the NHS offers.
How much do teeth aligners cost?
Aligners are a bit of an investment.
Treatments start at around £1,500. If you need longer treatment, you might end
up paying up to roughly £6,000 in total.
You will need a dental assessment to get a
personalised quote for teeth alignment.
For online aligners, you can fill in a quote
form. Some providers charge a set fee for all of your dental aligners.
Most people don’t pay upfront for their dental aligners. Whichever type you choose, you will probably be offered a monthly instalment payment option. Bear in mind that paying in instalments will usually mean that you pay more overall for your treatment. Interest costs are often added. Always check the small print.
There are many companies offering teeth
aligners. Your dentist may be able to suggest where to start. Or, look online
for dental aligners from home.
Before agreeing to teeth alignment, compare providers and find out which is the best choice for you.
Are aligners suitable for everyone?
You’ll get the best results from dental
aligners if you have mild to moderate orthodontic problems. It’s often harder
to create an effective aligner for people with severely misaligned teeth.
If you have significant over-crowding or larger gaps between your teeth, then you may need a different method of dental realignment.
In some cases, dental patients may need to
have some teeth removed before realignment treatment can begin.
Are there times when dental aligners are completely unsuitable?
Consult your dentist or aligner provider to
make sure that they’re an option for you. They may not be suitable if you have
certain dental problems.
Aligners are not always suitable for people
with dental implants, osteoporosis, receding gums or gingivitis.
If you’ve got a question relating to clear teeth aligners that we haven’t answered here yet, please drop us a line and we’ll endeavour to answer it and add it to these FAQs. Alternatively, visit our forums here to ask a question.